Fill a glass measuring cup with 110˚ water using a reliable thermometer to check the water's temperature.
Add the sugar to the water and sprinkle the yeast in. Gently stir the yeast.
Allow the yeast to rise for 10 minutes until foamy and happy.
Starting with 3 ½ cups of flour, combine the dry ingredients in the mixing bowl. Reserve the additional flour on the side.
Add yeast mixture along with the olive oil to the bowl and using the mixing paddle, mix on low until incorporated and the dough starts to come together. Add an additional ¼ cup of flour if the dough is too wet until the dough comes together to make a shaggy ball. Don't be worried - it won't be perfectly smooth.
Remove the paddle attachment and add the dough hook. Mix the dough on medium for two minutes until the dough is smooth. If it's still not coming together, add the remaining flour 1 tablespoon at a time. Remove the hook from the mixer and place the dough into a bowl drizzled with olive oil.
Cover the bowl with plastic wrap, set the bowl in a warm dry place to rise for 1 hour.